DRBD + Pacemaker & Corosync MySQL Cluster Centos7

5.png

On Both Nodes

Host file
vim /etc/hosts

10.1.2.114 db1 db1.localdomain.com
10.1.2.115 db2 db2.localdomain.com

Corosync will not work if you add something like this: 127.0.0.1 db1 db2.localdomain.com - however you do not need to delete 127.0.0.1 localhost

Firewall

Option 1 Firewalld
systemctl start firewalld
systemctl enable firewalld
firewall-cmd --permanent --add-service=high-availability

On DB1

firewall-cmd --permanent --add-rich-rule='rule family="ipv4" source address="10.1.2.115" port port="7789" protocol="tcp" accept'
firewall-cmd --permanent --add-rich-rule 'rule family="ipv4" source address="10.1.2.0/24" port port="3306" protocol="tcp" accept'
firewall-cmd --permanent --add-rich-rule 'rule family="ipv4" source address="10.1.2.0/24" port port="5405" protocol="udp" accept'
firewall-cmd --permanent --add-rich-rule 'rule family="ipv4" source address="10.1.2.0/24" port port="2224" protocol="tcp" accept'
firewall-cmd --permanent --add-rich-rule 'rule family="ipv4" source address="10.1.2.0/24" port port="21064" protocol="tcp" accept'
firewall-cmd --reload

On DB2

firewall-cmd --permanent --add-rich-rule='rule family="ipv4" source address="10.1.2.114" port port="7789" protocol="tcp" accept'
firewall-cmd --permanent --add-rich-rule 'rule family="ipv4" source address="10.1.2.0/24" port port="3306" protocol="tcp" accept'
firewall-cmd --permanent --add-rich-rule 'rule family="ipv4" source address="10.1.2.0/24" port port="5405" protocol="udp" accept'
firewall-cmd --permanent --add-rich-rule 'rule family="ipv4" source address="10.1.2.0/24" port port="2224" protocol="tcp" accept'
firewall-cmd --permanent --add-rich-rule 'rule family="ipv4" source address="10.1.2.0/24" port port="21064" protocol="tcp" accept'
firewall-cmd --reloadfirewall-cmd --reload
Option 2 iptables
systemctl stop firewalld.service
systemctl mask firewalld.service
systemctl daemon-reload
yum install -y iptables-services
systemctl enable iptables.service

iptables config

iptables -F
iptables -P INPUT ACCEPT
iptables -P FORWARD ACCEPT
iptables -P OUTPUT ACCEPT
iptables -A INPUT -p icmp -j ACCEPT
iptables -A INPUT -i lo -j ACCEPT
iptables -A INPUT -p tcp --dport 22 -j ACCEPT
iptables -A INPUT -s 10.1.2.0/24 -p tcp -m multiport --dports 80,443 -j ACCEPT
iptables -A INPUT -s 10.1.2.0/24 -d 10.1.2.0/24 -p udp -m multiport --dports 5405 -j ACCEPT
iptables -A INPUT -s 10.1.2.0/24 -d 10.1.2.0/24 -p tcp -m multiport --dports 2224 -j ACCEPT
iptables -A INPUT -s 10.1.2.0/24 -d 10.1.2.0/24 -p tcp -m multiport --dports 3306 -j ACCEPT
iptables -A INPUT -s 10.1.2.0/24 -p tcp -m multiport --dports 2224 -j ACCEPT
iptables -A INPUT -s 10.1.2.0/24 -p tcp -m multiport --dports 3121 -j ACCEPT
iptables -A INPUT -s 10.1.2.0/24 -p tcp -m multiport --dports 21064 -j ACCEPT
iptables -A INPUT -s 10.1.2.0/24 -d 10.1.2.0/24 -p tcp -m multiport --dports 7788,7789 -j ACCEPT
iptables -A INPUT -p udp -m multiport --dports 137,138,139,445 -j DROP
iptables -A INPUT -m state --state RELATED,ESTABLISHED -j ACCEPT
iptables -A INPUT -j DROP

Save iptables rules

service iptables save
Disable SELINUX
vim /etc/sysconfig/selinux

SELINUX=disabled

Pacemaker Install

Install PaceMaker and Corosync

yum install -y pacemaker pcs

Authenticate as the hacluster user

echo "H@xorP@assWD" | passwd hacluster --stdin

Start and enable the service

systemctl start pcsd
systemctl enable pcsd

ON DB1

Test and generate the Corosync configuration

pcs cluster auth db1 db2 -u hacluster -p H@xorP@assWD
pcs cluster setup --start --name mycluster db1 db2

ON BOTH NODES

Start the cluster

systemctl start corosync
systemctl enable corosync
pcs cluster start --all
pcs cluster enable --all

Verify Corosync installation

Master should have ID 1 and slave ID 2

corosync-cfgtool -s

ON DB1

Create a new cluster configuration file

pcs cluster cib mycluster

Disable the Quorum & STONITH policies in your cluster configuration file

pcs -f /root/mycluster property set no-quorum-policy=ignore
pcs -f /root/mycluster property set stonith-enabled=false

Prevent the resource from failing back after recovery as it might increases downtime

pcs -f /root/mycluster resource defaults resource-stickiness=300
LVM partition setup

Both Nodes

Create a empty partition

fdisk /dev/sdb

Welcome to fdisk (util-linux 2.23.2).

Command (m for help): n
Partition type:
p primary (0 primary, 0 extended, 4 free)
e extended
Select (default p):(ENTER)
Partition number (1-4, default 1): (ENTER)
First sector (2048-16777215, default 2048): (ENTER)
Using default value 2048
Last sector, +sectors or +size{K,M,G} (2048-16777215, default 16777215): (ENTER)
Using default value 16777215
Partition 1 of type Linux and of size 8 GiB is set

Command (m for help): w
The partition table has been altered!

Create LVM partition

pvcreate /dev/sdb1
vgcreate vg00 /dev/sdb1
lvcreate -l 95%FREE -n drbd-r0 vg00

View LVM partition after creation

pvdisplay

Look in "/dev/mapper/" find the name of your LVM disk

ls /dev/mapper/

OUTPUT:

control vg00-drbd--r0

**You will use "vg00-drbd--r0" in the "drbd.conf" file in the below steps

DRBD Installation

Install the DRBD package

rpm --import https://www.elrepo.org/RPM-GPG-KEY-elrepo.org
rpm -Uvh http://www.elrepo.org/elrepo-release-7.0-3.el7.elrepo.noarch.rpm
yum install -y kmod-drbd84 drbd84-utils
modprobe drbd
echo drbd > /etc/modules-load.d/drbd.conf

Edit the DRBD config and add the to hosts it will be connecting to (DB1 and DB2)

vim /etc/drbd.conf

Delete all and replace for the following

include "drbd.d/global_common.conf";
include "drbd.d/*.res";

global {
usage-count no;
}
resource r0 {
protocol C;
startup {
degr-wfc-timeout 60;
outdated-wfc-timeout 30;
wfc-timeout 20;
}
disk {
on-io-error detach;
}
net {
cram-hmac-alg sha1;
shared-secret "Daveisc00l123313";
}
on db1.localdomain.com {
device /dev/drbd0;
disk /dev/mapper/vg00-drbd--r0;
address 10.1.2.114:7789;
meta-disk internal;
}
on db2.localdomain.com {
device /dev/drbd0;
disk /dev/mapper/vg00-drbd--r0;
address 10.1.2.115:7789;
meta-disk internal;
}
}

vim /etc/drbd.d/global_common.conf

Delete all and replace for the following

common {
        handlers {
        }
        startup {
        }
        options {
        }
        disk {
        }
        net {
                 after-sb-0pri discard-zero-changes;
                 after-sb-1pri discard-secondary; 
                 after-sb-2pri disconnect;
         }
}

On DB1

Create the DRBD partition and assign it primary on DB1

drbdadm create-md r0
drbdadm up r0
drbdadm primary r0 --force
drbdadm -- --overwrite-data-of-peer primary all
drbdadm outdate r0
mkfs.ext4 /dev/drbd0

On DB2

Configure r0 and start DRBD on db2

drbdadm create-md r0
drbdadm up r0
drbdadm secondary all
Pacemaker cluster resources

On DB1

Add resource r0 to the cluster resource

pcs -f /root/mycluster resource create r0 ocf:linbit:drbd drbd_resource=r0 op monitor interval=10s

Create an additional clone resource r0-clone to allow the resource to run on both nodes at the same time

pcs -f /root/mycluster resource master r0-clone r0 master-max=1 master-node-max=1 clone-max=2 clone-node-max=1 notify=true

Add DRBD filesystem resource

pcs -f /root/mycluster resource create drbd-fs Filesystem device="/dev/drbd0" directory="/data" fstype="ext4"

Filesystem resource will need to run on the same node as the r0-clone resource, since the pacemaker cluster services that runs on the same node depend on each other we need to assign an infinity score to the constraint:

pcs -f /root/mycluster constraint colocation add drbd-fs with r0-clone INFINITY with-rsc-role=Master

Add the Virtual IP resource 

pcs -f /root/mycluster resource create vip1 ocf:heartbeat:IPaddr2 ip=10.1.2.116 cidr_netmask=24 op monitor interval=10s

The VIP needs an active filesystem to be running, so we need to make sure the DRBD resource starts before the VIP

pcs -f /root/mycluster constraint colocation add vip1 with drbd-fs INFINITY
pcs -f /root/mycluster constraint order drbd-fs then vip1

Verify that the created resources are all there

pcs -f /root/mycluster resource show
pcs -f /root/mycluster constraint

And finally commit the changes

pcs cluster cib-push mycluster

On Both Nodes

Installing Database

Option 1 MySQL

It is important to verify that you do not have a repo enabled for MySQL 5.7 as MySQL 5.7 does not work with pacemaker, you will not if you're using a vanilla image however some hosting providers may alter the repos to insert another MySQL version, so verify in /etc/yum.repo.d

yum install -y wget
wget http://repo.mysql.com/mysql-community-release-el7-5.noarch.rpm
sudo rpm -ivh mysql-community-release-el7-5.noarch.rpm
yum install -y mysql-server
systemctl stop mysqld
systemctl disable mysqld
Option 2 Mariadb 10.3
vim /etc/yum.repos.d/MariaDB.repo

[mariadb]
name = MariaDB
baseurl = http://yum.mariadb.org/10.3/centos7-amd64
gpgkey=https://yum.mariadb.org/RPM-GPG-KEY-MariaDB
gpgcheck=1

yum install MariaDB-server MariaDB-client -y
Setup MySQL/MariaDB

Setup MySQL config for the DRBD mount directory (/data/mysql)

vim /etc/my.cnf

[mysqld]
back_log = 250
general_log = 1
general_log_file = /data/mysql/mysql.log
log-error = /data/mysql/mysql.error.log
slow_query_log = 0
slow_query_log_file = /data/mysql/mysqld.slowquery.log
max_connections = 1500
table_open_cache = 7168
table_definition_cache = 7168
sort_buffer_size = 32M
thread_cache_size = 500
long_query_time = 2
max_heap_table_size = 128M
tmp_table_size = 128M
open_files_limit = 32768
datadir=/data/mysql
socket=/data/mysql/mysql.sock
skip-name-resolve
server-id = 1
log-bin=/data/mysql/drbd
expire_logs_days = 5
max_binlog_size = 100M
max_allowed_packet = 16M

On DB1

Configure DB for /data mount 

mkdir /data
mount /dev/drbd0 /data
mkdir /data/mysql
chown mysql:mysql /data/mysql
mysql_install_db --no-defaults --datadir=/data/mysql --user=mysql
rm -rf /var/lib/mysql
ln -s /data/mysql /var/lib/
chown -h mysql:mysql /var/lib/mysql
chown -R mysql:mysql /data/mysql
systemctl start mariadb

or

systemctl start mysqld

Run base installation

mysql_secure_installation

Connect to MySQL and give grants to allow a connection from the VIP

mysql -u root -p -h localhost

Grant Access to anything connecting to root

DELETE FROM mysql.user WHERE User='root' AND Host NOT IN ('localhost', '127.0.0.1', '::1');
CREATE USER 'root'@'%' IDENTIFIED BY 'P@SSWORD';
GRANT ALL ON *.* TO root@'%' IDENTIFIED BY 'P@SSWORD';
flush privileges;

Create a user for a future DB

CREATE USER 'testuser'@'%' IDENTIFIED BY 'P@SSWORD';
GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON * . * TO 'testuser'@'%';

MySQL 5.7 / MariaDB

pcs -f /root/mycluster resource create db ocf:heartbeat:mysql binary="/usr/sbin/mysqld" config="/etc/my.cnf" datadir="/data/mysql" socket="/data/mysql/mysql.sock" additional_parameters="--bind-address=0.0.0.0" op start timeout=45s on-fail=restart op stop timeout=60s op monitor interval=15s timeout=30s
pcs -f /root/mycluster constraint colocation add db with vip1 INFINITY
pcs -f /root/mycluster constraint order vip1 then db
pcs -f /root/mycluster constraint order promote r0-clone then start drbd-fs
pcs resource cleanup
pcs cluster cib-push mycluster

For MySQL 5.6 - You will need to change the bin path like this

pcs -f /root/mycluster resource create db ocf:heartbeat:mysql binary="/usr/bin/mysqld_safe" config="/etc/my.cnf" datadir="/data/mysql" 

Both Nodes

vim /root/.my.cnf
[client]
user=root
password=P@SSWORD!
host=10.1.2.116
systemctl disable mariadb
systemctl disable mysql

Then reboot db1 and then db2 and make sure all resources are working using the command "pcs status" + "drbdadm status", and verify the resources can failover by creating a DB in db1, move the resource to db2, verify db2 has the created DB, then move back resources on db1. You can also do a reboot test.

Test failover

pcs resource move drbd-fs db2

Other notes on DRBD

To update a resource after a commit

cibadmin --query > tmp.xml

Edit with vi tmp.xml or do a pcs -f tmp.xml %do your thing% 

cibadmin --replace --xml-file tmp.xml

Delete a resource

 pcs -f /root/mycluster resource delete db

Delete cluster

pcs cluster destroy
Recover a split brain

Secondary node
drbdadm secondary all
drbdadm disconnect all
drbdadm -- --discard-my-data connect all

Primary node
drbdadm primary all
drbdadm disconnect all
drbdadm connect all

On both
drbdadm status
cat /proc/drbd


Revision #99
Created Sun, Aug 13, 2017 3:35 AM by Dave
Updated Fri, Nov 22, 2019 3:50 AM by Dave