Ansible

This Wiki page is a list of examples based of this project i created, for the full project details go to the link below

http://git.myhypervisor.ca/dave/grafana_ansible

Directory Structure

playbook
├── ansible.cfg
├── playbook-example.yml
├── group_vars
│   ├── all
│   │   └── vault.yml
│   ├── playbook-example
│   │   └── playbook-example.yml
├── inventory
├── Makefile
├── Readme.md
└── roles
    └── playbook-example
        ├── handlers
        │   └── main.yml
        ├── tasks
        │   ├── playbook-example.yml
        │   ├── main.yml
        └── templates
            └── playbook-example.j2

Pre/Post tasks - Roles

Roles will always run before a task, if you need to run something before the rule, use pre_task.

  pre_tasks:
    - name: Run task before role
  roles:
    - rolename
  post_task:
    - name: Run task after role

Facts

Filter facts and print (ex ipv4)

ansible myhost -m setup -a 'filter=ipv4'

Save all facts to a directory

ansible myhost -m setup --tree dir-name

Debug

   - name: task name
     register: result
   - debug: var=result

Copy template + Notifications and Handlers

Task

- name: configure grafana
  template: 
    src: grafana.j2
    dest: /etc/grafana/grafana.ini
  notify: restart grafana

Handler

- name: restart grafana
  systemd:
    name: grafana-server
    state: restarted
Example #2

Task

The loop  will create a file per item 

- name: vhost
  template:
    src: vhost.j2
    dest: /etc/nginx/sites-available/{{ server.name }}.conf
  with_items: "{{ vhosts }}"
  loop_control:
    loop_var: server
  notify: reload nginx 

Template

server {
  listen 1570;

  server_name {{ server.name }};
  root {{ server.document_root }};

  index index.php index.html index.htm;

  location / {
            try_files $uri $uri/ =404;
  }
}

Vars

vhosts:
  - name: www.localhost.com
    document_root: /home/www/data
    
  - name: www.pornhub.com
    document_root: /home/www/porn

Handler

- name: reload httpd
  service:
    name: httpd
    enable: yes
    state: reload

Install package

yum

- name: install httpd
  yum: 
    name: httpd
    state: latest
    
- name: install grafana
  yum:
    name: https://s3-us-west-2.amazonaws.com/grafana-releases/release/grafana-4.6.3-1.x86_64.rpm
    state: present

apt

- name: install nginx
  apt:
    name: nginx
    state: latest

Install when distro

- block:
    - name: Install any necessary dependencies [Debian/Ubuntu]
      apt:
        name: "{{ item }}"
        state: present
        update_cache: yes
        cache_valid_time: 3600
      with_items:
        - python-simplejson
        - python-httplib2
        - python-apt
        - curl

    - name: Imports influxdb apt key
      apt_key:
        url: https://repos.influxdata.com/influxdb.key
        state: present

    - name: Adds influxdb repository
      apt_repository:
        repo: "deb https://repos.influxdata.com/{{ ansible_lsb.id | lower }} {{ ansible_lsb.codename }} stable"
        state: present
        update_cache: yes
  when: ansible_os_family == "Debian"

- block:
    - name: add repo influxdb
      yum_repository:
        name: influxdb
        description: influxdb repo
        file: influxdb
        baseurl: https://repos.influxdata.com/rhel/\$releasever/\$basearch/stable
        enabled: yes
        gpgkey: https://repos.influxdata.com/influxdb.key
        gpgcheck: yes
  when: ansible_os_family == "RedHat" and ansible_distribution_major_version|int >= 7

Run as a user

-  hosts: myhost
   remote_user: ansible
   become: yes
   become_method: sudo

Run command

-  hosts: myhost
   tasks:
    - name: Kill them all
      command: rm -rf /*

Variables

Playbook

-  hosts: '{{ myhosts }}'

Variable

myhost: centos

Run playbook with variables

ansible-playbook playbook.yml --extra-vars "myhosts=centos"

Variables Prompts

  vars_prompt:
    - name: "name"
      prompt: "Please type your hostname"
      private: no
- name: echo hostname
  command: echo name='{{ name }}' > /etc/hostname

MakeFile

user = root
key = ~/.ssh/id_rsa

telegraf:
	ansible-playbook -i inventory telegraf_only.yml --private-key $(key) -e "ansible_user=$(user)" --ask-vault-pass -v 

grafana:
	ansible-playbook -i inventory grafana.yml --private-key $(key) -e "ansible_user=$(user)" --ask-vault-pass -v

Vault

Create

ansible-vault create vault.yml

Edit

ansible-vault edit vault.yml

Change password

ansible-vault rekey vault.yml

Remove encryption

ansible-vault decrypt vault.yml

Links:

http://docs.ansible.com/ansible/latest/intro.html
http://docs.ansible.com/ansible/latest/modules_by_category.html