iptables

iptables arguments

-t = table, -X = del chain, -i = interface

Deleting a line:

iptables -L --line-numbers
iptables -D (CHAIN) (LINE NUMBER)

Nating:

example for FTP NAT: 

iptables -t nat -A PREROUTING -p tcp --dport 21 -j DNAT --to-destination 192.168.1.100:21
iptables -t nat -A PREROUTING -p tcp --dport 49152:65534 -j DNAT --to-destination 192.168.1.100:49152-65534

to check a nat rule:

iptables -t nat -nvL

masquerade traffic from an IP to another host

Enable ip forwarding

echo "1" > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/ip_forward

Then, we will add a rule telling to forward the traffic on port 1111 to ip 2.2.2.2 on port 1111:

iptables -t nat -A PREROUTING -p tcp --dport 1111 -j DNAT --to-destination 2.2.2.2:1111

and finally, we ask IPtables to masquerade:

iptables -t nat -A POSTROUTING -j MASQUERADE 

Optionally, you could only redirect the traffic from a specific source/network with, for a host only:

iptables -t nat -A PREROUTING -s 192.168.1.1 -p tcp --dport 1111 -j DNAT --to-destination 2.2.2.2:1111

or for a whole network

iptables -t nat -A PREROUTING -s 192.168.1.0/24 -p tcp --dport 1111 -j DNAT --to-destination 2.2.2.2:1111

that’s it, now the traffic to port 1111 will be redirected to IP 2.2.2.2 .

If you go on host 2.2.2.2, you should see a lot of traffic coming from the host doing the redirection.